杭锦旗| 沁阳| 阳朔| 德化| 安阳| 肃宁| 洪泽| 突泉| 马龙| 凤阳| 四方台| 金湖| 瓦房店| 独山子| 沂南| 资源| 濉溪| 黎平| 平川| 乡宁| 元氏| 习水| 太康| 吉安县| 淇县| 玉门| 闻喜| 君山| 崇仁| 全椒| 新巴尔虎左旗| 乳山| 遂昌| 湘潭县| 勉县| 肇州| 云安| 宜州| 鹰潭| 永川| 正镶白旗| 徽州| 大同县| 蒲城| 金口河| 肥东| 察布查尔| 邓州| 湄潭| 安县| 铁岭市| 平泉| 仲巴| 环江| 紫阳| 南安| 亚东| 安庆| 北仑| 常熟| 巴里坤| 临高| 名山| 礼县| 鹤峰| 带岭| 万载| 禄丰| 泸西| 肥城| 信宜| 临江| 阳城| 潞西| 睢县| 巴马| 井研| 乌鲁木齐| 户县| 林甸| 弥渡| 三明| 黔江| 宁晋| 彭山| 沁阳| 庐江| 烈山| 黄埔| 陈仓| 西畴| 乌兰| 会东| 永城| 祁县| 德州| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 曲阳| 元坝| 固镇| 建德| 莆田| 文县| 盐山| 延安| 永胜| 阳原| 肇州| 宝鸡| 朝天| 张湾镇| 措勤| 巴马| 永定| 天水| 四方台| 临洮| 道孚| 五河| 康马| 万盛| 酒泉| 施甸| 八宿| 徽州| 孟村| 晴隆| 盱眙| 凤翔| 惠安| 金华| 兰坪| 乐昌| 明水| 眉县| 禄劝| 汉源| 错那| 汶上| 桂林| 安陆| 遂川| 江永| 桐梓| 从化| 龙岗| 新乐| 岑巩| 贡山| 隆子| 武邑| 鲅鱼圈| 兰考| 前郭尔罗斯| 抚州| 贵阳| 楚州| 白水| 文昌| 新荣| 桐梓| 九江县| 金佛山| 个旧| 巫溪| 积石山| 德阳| 三门| 定安| 腾冲| 澳门| 河津| 纳溪| 乌拉特前旗| 乃东| 图们| 湾里| 芜湖市| 澄江| 华阴| 环江| 鄂托克前旗| 临邑| 井研| 和顺| 鹰手营子矿区| 东丽| 天门| 莒县| 信宜| 惠水| 新蔡| 泾阳| 商河| 邹平| 万安| 大厂| 汉南| 柳州| 山亭| 星子| 珠海| 浠水| 五指山| 微山| 太谷| 内蒙古| 瑞安| 马边| 南安| 富源| 郑州| 瑞安| 虞城| 龙游| 札达| 澎湖| 西安| 从化| 庆安| 远安| 永济| 大方| 海伦| 思茅| 温县| 松原| 沙河| 深泽| 台南市| 夏津| 凌源| 肥乡| 休宁| 汤原| 江达| 杂多| 洛宁| 兴仁| 金堂| 湘潭县| 灵丘| 田阳| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 五峰| 遂宁| 新竹县| 子长| 济南| 舒兰| 鲁甸| 涞源| 噶尔| 鸡泽| 扶风| 镇坪| 杨凌| 新晃| 比如| 称多| 如皋| 鄂伦春自治旗| 铅山|

【中日対訳】納蘭性徳 秋の夕暮

2019-08-26 13:04 来源:中国贸易新闻

  【中日対訳】納蘭性徳 秋の夕暮

  AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)GiantpandasenjoyicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin),ChinesewascategorizedalongwithArabic,SwahiliandIcelandicasaLessCommonlyTaughtLanguage",theworldsoldestwrittenlanguageisthesecondmostcommonlyspokennon-Englishlanguage,onlyafterSpanish,intheUnitedStates,,accordingtoalatestsurveyby24/7WallStr.,"ThemostsignificantnewaspectofthisChineseFever,wasthatitwentdowntothelevelofprimaryandsecondaryeducation,"saidLaughlin,EastAsianStudiesandDepartmentChair,UniversityofVirginia,inarecentinterviewviaphonewithXinhua."Forthefirsttimeacrossthenation,yousawChineseinstructioninelementaryschools,middleschoolsandhighschools...Ithink,itcontinuestogrow,"saidLaughlin,slatestChinesearticle,titled"Jazz,educationandAmericanCulture"andunderhisChinesename,LuoFulin,iscarriedbythe4theditionof2017HuaCheng,orFlowerCity,,,-,,butithaspulledbackinthepastfourorfiveyears."(Itis)notbecauseofachangeofattitude,butIthinkmaybebecausesomeofthestudentswereinitiallyinterestedintakingChinese...theymighthaveoverestimatedtheirabilitiestolearnChinese,"hesaid."Itisimportanttoremembertheincreaseattheuniversitylevelisstillmuchhigherthanitwas20yearsago,inanotherwords,nowChinese,atmostuniversities,,,afterSpanishandFrench,"Laughlinsaid."Thishasneverhappenedbefore,itwasnotthecasewhenIwasinthecollege."However,ineseinAmericanuniversitiessincethelate19thcentury,enChinastarteditsreformandopening-uppolicyinlate1970s."Aroundtheendof20thcentury,Chinasachievementsaresoincredible,anditsglobalinfluencedevelopedveryfast...(these)raisedtheprofileofChineselanguageveryhigh,"ffman,ateacherfromBrooklyn,NewYorkCity,oncefeltlearningChinesewassohardbecauseshedidnothavenativespeakerstopractisethetonelanguage."IstudiedSpanishbecauseIusedtoworkinaSpanishneighborhood,andIcarryonabasicconversationwiththeparentsnowabouttheirjob,andImsureitsgonnatakelongerinChinese,justbecauseofthetones...SothatsthechallengeforAmericans,"HoffmantoldXinhuarecentlyattheendofherfirstChineseclassattheChinaInstituteinLowerManhattan,NewYorkCity."(Itwasevenharder)ifyoudidnthavetheabilitytohearitmanymanymanytimeswhenyouwenthome,itsnotlikeyoucanstudyitfromabookinthesamewaythatyoucouldwithSpanish,whichismorephonetic,oranyotherlanguage,"shesaid."(Now)withtheassistanceofcomputeritwouldbeabiteasier,""Chineselearningapp"yieldsover31,700,000results."SmartphonesappshavebeenareallyhelpfultoolbecausetheyallowmetostudyChinesewhileImonthesubwayorinacoffeeshop,"wroteSbortoZhou,aneditorwhohasstudiedChineseforoverfiveyears,inhisarticle"The12bestappstolearnChineseonyoursmartphoneortablet."Inhisopinion,thebestappsforlearningChineseareSkritter(LearnhowtowriteChinesecharacters),FluentU(improveyourlanguagelevelthroughimmersioninthelanguage)andTheChairmansBao(anonlinenewspaperthathasbeensimplifiedforpeoplelearningMandarin),,asortofWhatsappthatisextremelypopularinChina,isalsoconsideredoneofthebestplatformsforChineselearnerstointeractwithnativeChinesespeakersasitallowsonetomeetnewpeople."AllthesesimpleandaccessibleresourceshaverevolutionizedtraditionalChineseteaching,"saidChenJinguo,aninstructorwhohasbeenteachingattheChinaInstituteformorethan20years."Byembeddingthemwithincurricula,myclassesaremoreinteresting,interactiveandengagingwithlocalstudents."  

Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eaterssportatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May28,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterforagesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun),2017showstheinsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)

  Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)

ParticipantsgatherintheparkinglotofthePentagonasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Awomanwavesatridersasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Awomanwavesatridersasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)ParticipantsgatherintheparkinglotofthePentagonasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)

  StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)

  ,writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:tuniquetoYixing,,novel,ShuiHuZhuan(OutlawsoftheMarsh),andhadtheseteapotsfiredinYixing.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)Askedwhyhestartedtheproject,Huangsimplysaid,"(Itsbecause)Ihadnothingtokilltime!"Hisfirstzishateapot,hewroteinthemorningandspenttheafternooncarvingonearthenwares,nce,courageandintegrityofthem.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)I"aburdenofhappiness".HesharedthemwiththeaudienceatanexhibitionthatendsattheNationalArtMuseumofChinaonTuesday.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)Theseteapotsshowhissenseofhumorandconveyhisviewsontherightandwrong."Anoldmanhadnothingtodo,sohefoundsomethinghecoulddo;inafashionableway,youcansayitsanoldguysperformanceart,",writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:carvingfiguresonearthenzishateapots.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily),writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:carvingfiguresonearthenzishateapots.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily),writes,designs,,hehasfallenintoanewhabitofartcreation:carvingfiguresonearthenzishateapots.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)

  Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eaterssportatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May28,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterforagesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)

  Theexhibitionof169displaysattheCapitalMuseuminBeijingincludessuchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)VisitinganongoingexhibitionattheCapitalMuseumislikereadingabookabouteasternBeijing-JiFuTongHui(akeyjunctionontheoutskirtsofthecapitalcity)-whichareanaptdescriptionofTongzhou,-comprising169displays-eijings"sub-center".,awell-preservedancientcitydatingtotheWesternHanDynasty(206BC-AD24)chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)YuPing,deputydirectoroftheBeijingmunicipaladministrationofculturalheritage,,dailyitems,pottery,constructionmaterialsandotherculturalrelicsfromthesiteareondisplay."The(Luxian)siteisuniquebecauseitistheonlydiscoveredcounty-levelcityruinsfromtheWesternHanDynasty,"saysGaoHongqing,curatoroftheexhibition."Itfillsavoidinourstudiesofurbanconstructionandlocalgovernmentstructurefromthatdynasty.",theLiaoDynasty(916-1125)madeBeijingoneofits"fivemetropolises",andin1153,theJurchenruleroftheJinDynasty(1115-1234)moveditscapitalcitytoBeijing,makingitthepoliticalcenterofnorthernChina."Duetoitspivotalposition,thestatusofTongzhoukeptgrowing,"chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)ManyartifactsfromtheCapitalMuseumsowncollection,whichwerealsounearthedinTongzhou,(picturedtop)smovetomakeBeijingthecapitaloftheYuanDynasty(1271-1368)alsogaveaboosttoTongzhousfortunes,especiallyaftertheconstructionoftheGrandCanal,whichlinksBeijingandHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince."Thecityexpandedandthepopulationalsogrewrapidly,"saysGao.",whichwastransportedviathecanalfromsouthernChina."Accordingtohistoricalrecords,thchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)In1329,(acontainerthatcouldholdabout75kilograms),(1368-1644)andQing(1644-1911)ighriceatTongzhou,headofthemuseum,talksaboutaQingmapoftheGrandCanal,fromBeijingtoShandongprovince,fromthereignofYongzheng(1722-35).AccordingtoZheng,themapwastakentoJapanduringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)butwasbroughtbacktoChinaaround2000."Youcanstillfindmanyfacilitiesthatexisttodayonthemap,"

  Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)Aprivatelyownedfloatingrestaurant"ARKdeckbar"sinksnearMumbaisBandra-WorliSealink,India,at7:,May25,(Photo/Agencies)

  TheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)TuesdayurgedSouthKoreatoscrapitsagreementnonPeace,ProsperityandReunificationofKoreanPeninsulasignedbythetwoKoreasinApril,theofficialKoreanCentralNewsAgency(KCNA)said."Suchdangeroushurdlesshouldberemovedwithoutfailastheyharmtheimprovementoftheinter-KoreanrelationsandcreateawarcrisisontheKoreanPeninsula,""acriminalproduct"signedbyformerSouthKoreanPresidentParkGeun-hyeandJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeunderthepretextofthe"threatfromthenorth,"saidtheKCNA."ItisanextremelydangerousandtreacherouswaragreementasitfermentsdistrustandconfrontationamongthefellowcountrymenandopensthedoortotheJapanesereactionariesbentontherevivalofmilitarismforthere-invasionoftheKoreanpeninsula,""kidnappedbySouthKoreanintelligence"twoyearsagoinathirdcountrywheretheywereworking,anddemandedahalttojointmilitaryexerciseswiththeUnitedStates,soastoimplementtheirjointdeclarationissuedinPanmunjom.,ChinesewascategorizedalongwithArabic,SwahiliandIcelandicasaLessCommonlyTaughtLanguage",theworldsoldestwrittenlanguageisthesecondmostcommonlyspokennon-Englishlanguage,onlyafterSpanish,intheUnitedStates,,accordingtoalatestsurveyby24/7WallStr.,"ThemostsignificantnewaspectofthisChineseFever,wasthatitwentdowntothelevelofprimaryandsecondaryeducation,"saidLaughlin,EastAsianStudiesandDepartmentChair,UniversityofVirginia,inarecentinterviewviaphonewithXinhua."Forthefirsttimeacrossthenation,yousawChineseinstructioninelementaryschools,middleschoolsandhighschools...Ithink,itcontinuestogrow,"saidLaughlin,slatestChinesearticle,titled"Jazz,educationandAmericanCulture"andunderhisChinesename,LuoFulin,iscarriedbythe4theditionof2017HuaCheng,orFlowerCity,,,-,,butithaspulledbackinthepastfourorfiveyears."(Itis)notbecauseofachangeofattitude,butIthinkmaybebecausesomeofthestudentswereinitiallyinterestedintakingChinese...theymighthaveoverestimatedtheirabilitiestolearnChinese,"hesaid."Itisimportanttoremembertheincreaseattheuniversitylevelisstillmuchhigherthanitwas20yearsago,inanotherwords,nowChinese,atmostuniversities,,,afterSpanishandFrench,"Laughlinsaid."Thishasneverhappenedbefore,itwasnotthecasewhenIwasinthecollege."However,ineseinAmericanuniversitiessincethelate19thcentury,enChinastarteditsreformandopening-uppolicyinlate1970s."Aroundtheendof20thcentury,Chinasachievementsaresoincredible,anditsglobalinfluencedevelopedveryfast...(these)raisedtheprofileofChineselanguageveryhigh,"ffman,ateacherfromBrooklyn,NewYorkCity,oncefeltlearningChinesewassohardbecauseshedidnothavenativespeakerstopractisethetonelanguage."IstudiedSpanishbecauseIusedtoworkinaSpanishneighborhood,andIcarryonabasicconversationwiththeparentsnowabouttheirjob,andImsureitsgonnatakelongerinChinese,justbecauseofthetones...SothatsthechallengeforAmericans,"HoffmantoldXinhuarecentlyattheendofherfirstChineseclassattheChinaInstituteinLowerManhattan,NewYorkCity."(Itwasevenharder)ifyoudidnthavetheabilitytohearitmanymanymanytimeswhenyouwenthome,itsnotlikeyoucanstudyitfromabookinthesamewaythatyoucouldwithSpanish,whichismorephonetic,oranyotherlanguage,"shesaid."(Now)withtheassistanceofcomputeritwouldbeabiteasier,""Chineselearningapp"yieldsover31,700,000results."SmartphonesappshavebeenareallyhelpfultoolbecausetheyallowmetostudyChinesewhileImonthesubwayorinacoffeeshop,"wroteSbortoZhou,aneditorwhohasstudiedChineseforoverfiveyears,inhisarticle"The12bestappstolearnChineseonyoursmartphoneortablet."Inhisopinion,thebestappsforlearningChineseareSkritter(LearnhowtowriteChinesecharacters),FluentU(improveyourlanguagelevelthroughimmersioninthelanguage)andTheChairmansBao(anonlinenewspaperthathasbeensimplifiedforpeoplelearningMandarin),,asortofWhatsappthatisextremelypopularinChina,isalsoconsideredoneofthebestplatformsforChineselearnerstointeractwithnativeChinesespeakersasitallowsonetomeetnewpeople."AllthesesimpleandaccessibleresourceshaverevolutionizedtraditionalChineseteaching,"saidChenJinguo,aninstructorwhohasbeenteachingattheChinaInstituteformorethan20years."Byembeddingthemwithincurricula,myclassesaremoreinteresting,interactiveandengagingwithlocalstudents."  

  

  【中日対訳】納蘭性徳 秋の夕暮

 
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预防儿童过敏性鼻炎,从日常生活开始

2019-08-26 14:14:42 来源: 澎湃新闻
ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)ThefirstEuropeancompetitionofshoecleaningisheldinthehistoricalgalleryofSaintHubertinBrussels,Belgium,May26,customersinthisevent.(Photo/IC)

  小儿过敏性鼻炎,即小儿变应性鼻炎,是变态反应性鼻炎的简称。变应性鼻炎是儿童极为常见的一种慢性鼻黏膜充血的疾病,主要的临床症状有鼻痒、打喷嚏、流清鼻涕、鼻塞、鼻涕倒流、夜间突然咳嗽。和感冒不同的是,变应性鼻炎一般是在气候改变、早上起床,或吸入外界过敏性抗原如空气中的粉尘时发作,一天之中可能间歇出现。

  预防性治疗

  1.避免变应原和刺激物:戴口罩可以防止文中所提到的柳絮或粉尘飞入鼻孔,且避开风大柳絮多的时间,勿在室外久留。当柳絮粘到皮肤以后,温水冲洗及时清除,有助于预防过敏或减轻过敏症状。

  2.蒸汽吸入和盐水喷雾吸入:可使鼻充血暂时减轻和增加气流。

  3.运动:可使鼻气道阻力减少,减轻鼻塞。

  抗组胺药

  对喷嚏、鼻痒和流涕有效,而对鼻充血致鼻塞无效。如西替利嗪、氯雷他定、地氯雷他定等。

  减充血剂

  常用有麻黄碱等。但不宜连续使用1周时间以上,易出现药物性鼻炎。

  抗炎剂

  鼻用皮质激素:鼻内存在感染时应停用。一般效果发生在几天到几周后。且不会对儿童的生长发育等产生长期不利影响。

  局部用色甘酸钠:对喷嚏、清涕和鼻痒较鼻充血效果好,但较重病例效果不及鼻用皮质激素。

  免疫疗法

  少数由吸入变应原,如螨虫、花粉等过敏原较单一引起的、其他方法治疗无效、年龄在5岁以上可考虑应用。免疫疗法可使80%~90%的患儿症状得到明显改善,并防止发展为哮喘。

  白三烯受体拮抗剂:如孟鲁司特、扎鲁司特等。

  日常生活预防

  儿童过敏性鼻炎可以预防。一般,过敏性鼻炎分为季节性过敏性鼻炎与常年性过敏性鼻炎。

  常年性过敏性鼻炎,一般是一年四季都会发生,是对室内的过敏原过敏,如粉尘、尘螨、装修污染甲醛等,而且由于孩子长期待在室内,一定要注意这一块的防护。

  季节性过敏性鼻炎,大多发生于某一特定的时节,一般是对花粉过敏,这时候尽量不要开窗,以免花粉进入室内,如果外出戴好防护口罩;或者在相应季节到来之前服用抗过敏药物做好预防。

  在生活护理中,父母要注意孩子的营养均衡,这也能起到预防过敏性鼻炎的作用。

  比如,多吃维生素B与维生素C含量丰富的蔬菜水果、谷类,这两种维生素可有效减缓过敏现象,胡萝卜、深绿色蔬菜中的β胡萝卜素与小麦胚芽、燕麦中的维生素E,都可以预防免疫功能衰退,可用于过敏性鼻炎的治疗。

  我们无法选择先天体质,但可以通过后天的合理调护,改善体质。变应性鼻炎作为一种常见病,可能发生于任何人。无论小儿有多少特殊性,只要是变应性鼻炎,就和成人一样,最根本的预防措施都是避免过敏原的接触。外出注意防护,过敏体质的宝宝也可以享受美好的春天。

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